Selected Sawfish References

A list of publications on sawfish research.

Adams, W. F. and C. Wilson. 1995. The status of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata Latham 1794 (Pristiformes: Pristidae) in the United States. Chondros 6:1-5.

Bigelow, H. B. and W. C. Schroeder. 1953. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic: Sawfishes, guitarfishes, skates, rays, and chimaeroids. Memoirs of the Sears Foundation for Marine Research Memoir 1, Part 2. 588 pp.

Breder, C. M., Jr. 1952. On the utility of the saw of the sawfish. Copeia 1952:90-92.

Chapman, D. D., C. A. Simpfendorfer, T. R. Wiley, G. R. Poulakis, C. Curtis, M. D. Tringali, J. K. Carlson, and K. A. Feldheim. 2011. Genetic diversity despite population collapse in a critically endangered marine fish: the smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata). Journal of Heredity 102:643-652. (with cover) doi: 10.1093/jhered/esr098. Access Publication.

Evermann, B. W. and B. A. Bean. 1898. Indian River and its fishes. United States Commission on Fish and Fisheries 22:227-248.

Faria V. V. 2007. Taxonomic review, phylogeny, and geographical population structure of the sawfishes (Chondrichthyes, Pristiformes). Dissertation, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

Faria, V. V., M. T. McDavitt, P. Charvet, T. R. Wiley, C. A. Simpfendorfer, and G. J. P. Naylor. 2013. Species delineation and global population structure of Critically Endangered sawfishes (Pristidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 167:136-164.

Feldheim, K. A., D. D. Chapman, C. A. Simpfendorfer, V. P. Richards, M. S. Shivji, T.R. Wiley, G. R. Poulakis, J. K. Carlson, R. Eng, and S. Sagarese. 2010. Genetic tools to support the conservation of the endangered smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata. Conservation Genetics Resources 2:105-113. doi: 10.1007/s12686-010-9175-8.
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FWC (Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission). 1999. Protected species: sawfishes, basking shark, whale shark, white shark, sand tiger shark, bigeye sand tiger shark, manta ray, and spotted eagle ray; prohibition of harvest, landing, and sale. Chapter 68B-44.008 (formerly 46-44.008) Florida Administrative Code Rule 11:1222.

Henshall, J. A. 1891. Report upon a collection of fishes made in southern Florida during 1889. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission 9:371-389.

Henshall, J. A. 1895. Notes on fishes collected in Florida in 1892. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission 14:209-221.

Jordan, D. S. and J. Swain. 1884. Notes on fishes collected by David S. Jordan at Cedar Keys, Florida. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 7:230-234.

NMFS (United States National Marine Fisheries Service). 2003. Endangered and threatened species; final endangered status for a distinct population segment of smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) in the United States. Federal Register 68:15674-15680. Access Publication Adobe PDF (184KB)

NMFS (United States National Marine Fisheries Service). 2009. Recovery plan for smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata). Prepared by the Smalltooth Sawfish Recovery Team for the National Marine Fisheries Service, Silver Spring, Maryland. 
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NMFS (United States National Marine Fisheries Service). 2009. Endangered and threatened species; critical habitat for the endangered distinct population segment of smalltooth sawfish. Federal Register 74:45353-45378. Access Publication Adobe PDF (700KB)

Norton, S. L.,T. R. Wiley, J. K. Carlson, A. L. Frick, G. R. Poulakis, and C. A. Simpfendorfer. 2012. Designating critical habitat for juvenile endangered smalltooth sawfish in the United States. Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science 4:473-480. doi: 10.1080/19425120.2012.676606. Access Publication.

Phillips, N. 2012. Conservation genetics of Pristis sawfishes in Australian waters. Ph.D. Thesis, Murdoch University, Australia.

Phillips, N., J. Chaplin, D. Morgan, and S. Peverell. 2009. Extraction and amplification of DNA from the dried rostra of sawfishes (Pristidae) for applications in conservation genetics. Pacific Conservation Biology 15:128-134.

Phillips, N. M., J. A. Chaplin, D. L. Morgan, and S. C. Peverell. 2011. Population genetic structure and genetic diversity of three critically endangered Pristis sawfishes in Australian waters. Marine Biology 158:903-915.

Poulakis, G. R. 2012. Distribution, habitat use, and movements of juvenile smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata, in the Charlotte Harbor estuarine system, Florida. Dissertation, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida.

Poulakis, G. R. and J. C. Seitz. 2004. Recent occurrence of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata (Elasmobranchiomorphi: Pristidae), in Florida Bay and the Florida Keys, with comments on sawfish ecology. Florida Scientist 67(1):27-35. 
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Poulakis, G. R., P. W. Stevens, A. A. Timmers, C. J. Stafford, C. Curtis, M. D. Tringali, and M. D. Bakenhaster. 2010. Distribution, habitat use, and movements of juvenile smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata, in the Charlotte Harbor estuarine system, Florida. Final Report to the National Marine Fisheries Service for Award NA06NMF4720032. FWRI Filecode F2616-06-09-F. 84 pp.

Poulakis, G. R., P. W. Stevens, A. A. Timmers, T. R. Wiley, and C. A. Simpfendorfer. 2011. Abiotic affinities and spatiotemporal distribution of the endangered smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata, in a south-western Florida nursery. Marine and Freshwater Research 62:1165-1177. doi: 10.1071/MF11008. Access Publication.

Poulakis, G. R., P. W. Stevens, A. A. Timmers, C. J. Stafford, and C. A. Simpfendorfer. 2013. Movements of juvenile endangered smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata, in an estuarine river system: use of non-main-stem river habitats and lagged responses to freshwater inflow-related changes. Environmental Biology of Fishes 96(6):763-778. doi: 10.1007/s10641-012-0070-x. Access Publication.  

Poulakis, G. R., P. W. Stevens, R. D. Grubbs, D. D. Chapman, J. Gelsleichter, G. H. Burgess, T. R. Wiley, J. A. Olin, L. D. Hollensead, A. T. Fisk, D. A. Blewett, R. M. Scharer, H. J. Grier, J. A. DeAngela, J. M. Darrow, Y. Papastamatiou, and M. D. Bakenhaster. 2014. Smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) research and outreach: an interdisciplinary collaborative program. Final Report to the National Marine Fisheries Service for Award NA10NMF4720032. FWRI File-code F2858-10-14-F. 214 pp. Access Publication.

Scharer, R. M., W. F. Patterson III, J. K. Carlson, and G. R. Poulakis. 2012. Age and growth of endangered smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) verified with LA-ICP-MS analysis of vertebrae. PLoS ONE 7(10):e47850, 8 pp. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047850. Access Publication

Seitz, J. C. and G. R. Poulakis. 2002. Recent occurrence of sawfishes (Elasmobranchiomorphi: Pristidae) along the southwest coast of Florida (USA). Florida Scientist 65(4):256-266. Access Publication

Seitz, J.C. and G.R. Poulakis. 2006. Anthropogenic effects on the smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) in the United States. Marine Pollution Bulletin 52:1533-1540.
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Simpfendorfer, C. A., G. R. Poulakis, P. M. O'Donnell, and T. R. Wiley. 2008. Growth rates of juvenile smalltooth sawfish Pristis pectinata Latham in the western Atlantic. Journal of Fish Biology 72:711-723. Access Publication.  

Simpfendorfer, C. A., T. R. Wiley, and B. G. Yeiser. 2010. Improving conservation planning for an endangered sawfish using data from acoustic telemetry. Biological Conservation 143:1460-1469. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.03.021

Simpfendorfer, C. A., B. G. Yeiser, T. R. Wiley, G. R. Poulakis, P. W. Stevens, and M. R. Heupel. 2011. Environmental influences on the spatial ecology of juvenile smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata): Results from acoustic monitoring. PLoS ONE 6(2):1-12. e16918. doi: 10.1371/journal/pone.0016918. Access Publication

Snelson, F. F., Jr. and S. E. Williams. 1981. Notes on the occurrence, distribution, and biology of elasmobranch fishes in the Indian River Lagoon system, Florida. Estuaries 4:110-120.

Thorson, T. B. 1976. Observations on the reproduction of the sawfish, Pristis perotteti, in Lake Nicaragua, with recommendations for its conservation. pp. 641-650 In: T.B. Thorson (ed.) Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes, School of Life Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska.

Thorson, T. B. 1982. Life history implications of a tagging study of the largetooth sawfish, Pristis perotteti, in the Lake Nicaragua-San Juan system. Environmental Biology of Fishes 7:207-228.

Thorson, T. B. 1982. The impact of commercial exploitation on sawfish and shark populations in Lake Nicaragua. Fisheries 7:2-10.

Waters, J. D., R. Coelho, J. Fernandez-Carvalho, A. A. Timmers, T. R. Wiley, J. C. Seitz, M. T. McDavitt, G. H. Burgess, and G. R. Poulakis. 2014. Use of encounter data to model spatio-temporal distribution patterns of endangered Smalltooth Sawfish, Pristis pectinata, in the western Atlantic. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. doi: 10.1002/aqc.2461

Whitty, J. M., D. L. Morgan, S. C. Peverell, D. C. Thorburn, and S. J. Beatty. 2009. Ontogenetic depth partitioning by juvenile freshwater sawfish (Pristis microdon: Pristidae) in a riverine environment. Marine and Freshwater Research 60:306-316. doi: 10.1071/MF08169

Wiley, T. R., C. A. Simpfendorfer, V. V. Faria, and M. T. McDavitt. 2008. Range, sexual dimorphism and bilateral asymmetry of rostral tooth counts in the smalltooth sawfish Pristis pectinata Latham (Chondrichthyes: Pristidae) of the southeastern United States. Zootaxa 1870:51-59.

Wueringer, B. E., L. Squire, Jr., S. M. Kajiura, N. S. Hart, and S. P. Collin. 2012. The function of the sawfish’s saw. Current Biology 22:150-151.



FWC Facts:
The bowfin, or mudfish, is a ‘living fossil’ and is the only freshwater fish with a gular bone, a bony plate on the exterior of the lower jaw between the two jawbones.

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