The most extensive natural community on Caravelle, mesic (moist)
flatwoods consist of naturally generated and planted stands of
loblolly and slash pines with a few longleaf pines and an
understory of gallberry, saw palmetto, and a variety of native
grasses including wiregrass.
and bottomland forest
Floodplain swamps are found along the St. Johns and
the Ocklawaha rivers. Although standing water is present the
majority of the year, numerous dry islands (less than 1 acre) with
loblolly and slash pine, live oak and sabal palm exist within the
floodplain swamp. Bald cypress, cabbage palm, red maple and black
gum are the major overstory trees. Other plant species commonly
found in and along the outer fringes of floodplain swamps include
water tupelo, swamp laurel oak, black willow, various shrubs in the
heath family, and several epiphytes and orchids.
Bottomland forests occur primarily along Camp
Branch Creek. Overstory trees include live oak, water oak, laurel
oak, blackgum, and sabal palm with cypress lining the fringes of
Camp Creek. The understory is saw palmetto and various grasses.