Jaguar Guapote: Cichlasoma managuense
Broken lateral line and black-and-white patterning make this
species distinct; toothed and protrusible mouth; numerous purple to
black spots or blotches on body and fins with series of black
squares along their sides; males typically larger than females;
only local species that might be confused with the jaguar guapote
is the black crappie, but guapote's teeth and broken lateral line
instantly set it apart.
Known mostly from coastal canal systems of southeast Florida,
ranging as far north as West Palm Beach; first reported in 1992
from a photograph of two specimens caught in a farm pond, near
Miami Canal. Native range is Atlantic slope of Central and South
Currently found in southeast Florida box-cut canals; tolerant of
poor water quality. In native range occupy a variety of habitats
including rivers and lakes with muddy, sandy, and rocky
Spawning Habitats: Female lays
about 4,000 adhesive eggs on hard, flat surface; both parents
protective of eggs and young; most spawning occurs from March
through July, with a secondary peak in October-November.
Feeding Habits: Medium-sized
opportunistic predator; feeds primarily on small fish (including
many exotic species) and aquatic insects; also consumes some
snails, worms, and even an occasional lizard.
Age and Growth
Largest collected by FWC about 16 inches long and weighed 2.8
pounds, but reportedly grows larger.
Limited; caught on beetle-spins and other small artificial
baits, as well as, live worms and small fish; no bag or size
Excellent; a mainstay in its native range.
IGFA all-tackle record caught in Florida weighed 3.5 pounds and was 21.5 inches long. Not included in state records data base.
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